Economic Development in Africa Report 2018 presented in Tanzania

UNCTAD Chief of Africa and Least Developed Countries presents new Economic Development in Africa report which focuses on Migration for Structural Transformation.

Dar es Salaam, 31 May 2018- The Chief of Africa Section in the UN Conference on Trade and Development, Mr. Junior Davis today presented the Economic Development in Africa Report for 2018 titled Migration for Structural Transformation before participants including the media at the International Labour Organization in Dar es Salaam Tanzania.

The report was launched globally by the UNCTAD Secretary General Mukhisa Kituyi  in Addi Ababa Ethiopia. During the pre-launch press conference of the UNCTAD report 2018, participants from embassies, media house and civil society organizations engaged in discussions on the positive opportunities for migrants.

Mr. Junior said, “We are changing the African narrative, yes there is xenophobia, yes there is high unemployment, yes there are challenges but we have deliberately focused on harnessing opportunities for trade and development among migrants.”  He said the report encourages,  safe, orderly and regularised migration.

The report reflects that Migration benefits both origin and destination countries across Africa. The report argues that African migration can play a key role in the structural transformation of the continent’s economies. Well-managed migration also provides an important means for helping to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, both in Africa and beyond.

The report adopts an innovative, human-centred narrative that explores how migrants contribute to structural transformation and identifies opportunities for absorption of extra labour in different sectors across the continent. African migrants include from highly skilled to low-skilled persons, who migrate through legal channels and otherwise.

During the launching of the report, there were two presentations which was the presentation of the Economic Development Report for 2018 by Junior Davis, Chief of the Africa section in UNCTAD and the other on the Tanzanian scenario by Ida Mae Fernandez, Head of Programmes, International organization for Migration –IOM Tanzania.

The report in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania was symbolically exhibited by Junior Davis, Chief of the Africa Section in UNCTAD from UNCTAD Geneva and by Ms. Ida Mae Fernandez, Head of Programmes, International organization for Migration –IOM Tanzania.

Mr. Junior Davis talked about the migration and how it foster economic growth and promoting structural transformation.

  • International migration’s contribution to economic growth: Migration is projected to boost Africa’s GDP per capita from $2,008 in 2016 to $3,249 in 2030, growing at an annual rate of 3.5%from 2016. Migration contributes to destination countries’ development – through taxes and consumption.
  • Migrations contribute by fostering inclusive growth and poverty reduction, including through remittances and Diasporas investment in countries of origin, through taxes and consumption in destination countries.
  • International female migrants in Africa engage in vulnerable employment in domestic service and under informal cross border trade-They contribute to 47 per cent of all 41 million migrants who were counted in 2017.

On the presentation on the Tanzanian Scenario by Ida Mae Fernandez, Head of Programmes, International organization for Migration –IOM Tanzania

She spoke about the key message on the occasion of the launch of the UNCTAD Economic Development in Africa Report: Migration for Structural Transformation as the migration agency in Tanzania. She spoke on the role of IOM in Tanzania whereby she said- IOM Tanzania has engaged in concrete projects with the Government of Tanzania which aim to address key issues on migration. IOM Tanzania support Tanzania’s labour migration management efforts and assisting in the operation of the EAC Common Market Protocol.

Other key messages;

# The Global Compact on Migration process started in 2016 and is expected to end in December 2018. In September 2018, there will be a GA on the Global compact.

#The statistics used in the report are based on UNDESA data, World Bank, World bank specific reports in 9 countries, research and surveys from 4 countries including Kenya, Ghana, Nigeria, and 54 African countries.

# The report reflects more positively the issue of migration in Africa-It is changing the African narrative of being a continent of problems and negative migration challenges- it has instead looked at the opportunities found around safe, orderly and regularized migration.

#Immigrants stimulate the economy in the destination and in sending countries. Immigrants spend an estimated 85% of their incomes on average where they live.

# In 2017 41 million people were counted as International migrants.  19 million within Africa, 17 million are resident outside Africa and 5.5 million immigrants were from the rest of the world coming to Africa-Africa is now seen as a desirable destination(Europe, China and India)

#47% of those who migrate are women-the report indicates the number of women who migrated in 2000 were 6.9 million and in 2017 they were 11.6 million- the report recommends a right based approach to help women migrants for instance Kenya has a bilateral agreement with the Gulf States regarding migrants where issues such as the treatment of women, level of pay, rights to holidays and to see family and children are stated.

#Remittance inflows to Africa(from the Diaspora) rose to $64.9 billion in 2014-2016 Research in Ethiopia showed that the private remittances were used for development for example investment in Agriculture.

#Morocco and Rwanda were cited as examples where migrants have been encouraged to undertake activities in ICT, banking and Trade(for Rwanda) In Morocco, migrants are trained mainly by civil society in order to fit the purpose/labour gaps in the country.  Meetings have also been held between Government and employees and other stakeholders to address the issues raised.

Ms. Ida Fernandes, Head of Programmes International Organization for Migration also informed that IOM was working closely with the Government of Tanzania and that Migration contributes to the achievement of SDG Goals 1, 8, 10, 11 and 17.

Questions that were asked

There was a discussion on the presentation which was done during the report launching. There are some questions which were asked.

Name: Francis Kajubi,

Organization: The Guardian Tanzania (Media House)

  • What are the contributions of Tanzanian Diaspora to Tanzanian GDP?
  • What is the state of female Tanzanian Diaspora or other immigrants contribute to Tanzania economy?

Name: Martha Olotu,

Organization: Foundation of Civil Society

  • During your presentation-you mentioned the good things which are not reflective of the actual situation on the ground and  we didn’t see the group of youth immigrants and there is a large number of youth who are immigrants. So can you tell us if the report has addressed youth groups and the challenges which they are facing?

Name: Alex Malaga,

Organization: The Citizen Tanzania (Media House)

  • What are the challenges of regulatory framework especially with regards to Money transfer?
  • How much does it cost to send money from one country to another? What is the amount for Tanzania?

Name: Christopher James,

Organization: Radio One Tanzania (Media House)

  • What were the results of Morocco conference among their Government, employers and stakeholders on Migration? What came out of that meeting?

Name: Ally Thabiti

Organisation: Newara Fm (Media House)  

  • What effort has been made to support or find statistics regarding the disabled who are in the Diaspora?
  • What is the exactly figure of disabled and vulnerable people in Diaspora and what  measures are being taken to help them in improving their skills and protect them?

All responses from Mr. Junior Davis are available.

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